Majorca is the biggest of the Balearic Islands in Spain. It has a surface of 3640 km2 and a coastline of 550 km. Due to its strategic position in the Mediterranean Ocean the island has been influenced from all the different cultures that have lived or stopped on it: Romans, Arabs… even pirates. Majorca receives around 12 million tourists all year round looking for the beaches and the sun that its privileged climate can offer. Palma is the capital of the island and offers its visitors an amazing historical city center with narrow streets, beautiful noble houses or palaces and well preserved old buildings like the Lonja, the Bellver Castle or the Cathedral which show the splendor of other times. Majorca has two official languages, Spanish and Catalan.
Besides the cultural heritage that you can discover in Palma and in many picturesque villages on the island, Majorca is world known for the various activities you can do while enjoying your holidays in a Mediterranean setting. It is a paradise for nautical tourism: 20.000 berths in more than 50 harbors and marinas receive boats of all kinds, from a traditional fishing boat to a luxury yacht. It is a very appropriate place to practice scuba dive, windsurf, surf, kitesurf, waterski or just go sailing and discover really nice small coves only approachable by boat.
Majorca is also a paradise in which to enjoy nature while bicycle touring or trekking. Majorca has developed a very good sign posting system on the many rural roads that makes it perfect for tourists to get into the Majorcan nature and discover amazing landscapes and views that combine mountains and a blue ocean water. For golf lovers this is also a perfect destination. All around the island you will find a total of 20 different golf courses that will not only satisfy your expectations, but also give you really nice views of the Majorcan landscape. For children there is also a variety of waterparks.
Majorca offers 550 km of coastline and has three main different landscapes: the mountain range of Tramuntana in the northwest, a fertile flat surface in the center and the mountain range of Llevant in the southeast. All around Majorca there is also a very special invisible landscape: the caves. Due to the calcareous geology, the island of Majorca has developed almost 4.000 caves that have been present through the history of the island and its inhabitants. The cave of Sa Gleda between Portocolom and Portocristo is one of the biggest underwater caves of Europe. The famous Cuevas del Drach is open to the public and offers a 177 m long lake. The natural park of S’Albufera in the northeast has a protected area of 2.400 hectares and is the biggest wetland in Majorca. 196 different bird species have been detected in this area and the reason for that is that S’Albufera is used by migratory birds as a stop on their way to the south or up to the north.
The Tramuntana range, with a highest point of 1440 m, creates amazing cliffs and rocky coves that contrast with the sandy beaches on the rest of the coastline. As you drive to the northeastern part, the Tramuntana range decreases until the Formentor Cape which is well worth a visit. It is one of the most picturesque places in Majorca and has never disappointed any visitor. The road starts from Port de Pollença and offers amazing views of the craggy coast. Majorca has three bays: Pollença Bay, L’Alcudia Bay and Palma Bay, and all of them offer long sandy beaches. But the island is also known for the large number of picturesque coves with crystal blue water that make you forget everything around you. The quality of the water in Majorca has been officially recognized and around 40 beaches have received the Blue Flag.
The protected Archipelago of Cabrera consists of 18 islands and a total area of 1836 hectares. It is world-known for divers and archeologists because of the numerous ships that have gone down in its area. In 1916 the archipelago became a military base and this condition protected it from tourist development. Nowadays its ecosystem is really well preserved and when visiting the main island you will notice that the people from Majorca have taken good care of it. In 1991 it was declared a National Park. You can visit it taking a boat from Colonia de Sant Jordi or from Porto Petro.
The Majorcan cuisine has a long tradition and is a good example of the healthy Mediterranean diet. Fish, shellfish, meat, vegetables and fruits show the gastronomic variety that Majorca has to offer. Some of the typical products you should not miss are called: “Pa amb oli” (bread with olive oil and tomato), “sopes” (soup made of different vegetables), “sobrasada” (one of its most famous cold meat), “queso Mallorquín” (delicious cheese made from cow and sheep milk), and “ensaimada” (traditional sweet dessert). Majorca is the only Balearic Island that cultivates grapevines and can be proud of it. Some of its best wines have received a guarantee of origin (D.O.) like e.g. D.O. Benissalem-Mallorca or D.O. Pla I Llevant. Each year in May Palma organizes a gastronomical week for the promotion of local dishes and products, all of which can of course be tasted. But you don’t have to wait until May, almost every town holds a weekly market where you can buy all the typical products.
Located in the Mediterranean Sea, Majorca’s climate is soft and pleasant. The temperature can be high during the summer (sometimes up to 35°C), but in winter they rarely go below 5°C. The island has typical Mediterranean seasonal rainfall (600 mm of rain per year and mostly in autumn, where the rains can be intense). It is said that Majorca has around 300 sunny days per year and that assures a delightful holiday climate.